rohtas fort on the bank of river

Location. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. It is in a fair state of preservation. It is approximately 3 km from Khukha. The room is about 8 by 8 feet (2.4 by 2.4 m). The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. The gate has 5 battlements on top, and has stairs leading up to it from the outside. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. B. Indus. [1], The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. His son Murad Baksh was born to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. [2] It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. There are two bastions on either side of the gate which have kitchen, stores and a well for water. The fort was designed to block the advances of Mughal emperor Humayun, who had been exiled to Persia following his defeat at the Battle of Kannauj. The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. Search in site. It is undertaking the following projects in conjunction with the Royal Norwegian Embassy. The residential quarters of Man Singh were on the first floor, which was connected to the ladies' rooms via a gateway in the east. These tiles are blue in color. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. https://m.patrika.com/weird-news/story-about-rohtasgarh-fort-bihar-3425910/, Coordinates: 24°37′N 83°55′E / 24.617°N 83.917°E / 24.617; 83.917, For the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDevendrakumar_Rajaram_Patil1963 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort,_India&oldid=983315465, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:58. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. This gate is also a double gate. Unlike other gates of this Qila, the inner side of the gate has five battlements. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. This gate opens into one chamber which opens into another. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. Derawar Fort. On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. There is no place for ablution (cleaning up before prayers) in the mosque. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. At that time constructed the great fort There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. The uppermost terrace has merlon-shaped battlements from which muskets could be fired, and from which soldiers could also pour molten lead. [4], The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … One can also easily reach Rohtas fort … The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals,[4] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. Mangla Dam on the other hand, is the seventh largest dam in the world, built on River Jhelum in Mirpur Azad Kashmir. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). The later Mughals seem to have made no use of the fort. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian. [9], The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. This small mosque known as Shahi masjid is near the Kabuli gate. About 10 minutes drive beyond the Jhelum bridge just short of the city of Dina, you will find a signpost to the left directing you to Rohtas Fort. The same carving is also done on merlons on top of Shahi Mosque. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. Today only traces of the structure remains now. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. The gate may have been built in two stages. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. There was peace at the fort for the next 100 years or so, which was at last broken at the time of the First War of Independence in 1857. This gate faces to the village Gatali Ford (ravine) which is called also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley, thus the name. This is an entrance rather than a gate. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan. But he was not able to hide at the fort. The outer gate, the entrance of which is from the citadel is 13.3 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. edit; Rohtas Fort. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. 5. A. Jehlum. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. It is 2.13 meter wide. Most of the structures named forts in India are actually fortresses [1] but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature. The site includes the fort and a number of other buildings, including several … All of them are built in ashlar stone. According to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate and had an attack of fever which proved fatal. 8 ... “The Attock Fort is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of the Indus River. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. Rohtas Fort. All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. [citation needed]. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. The fort occupies a strategic position between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab, and was intended to prevent the Mughal emperor from returning to India. The main gate is known as the Hathiya Pol or the Elephant Gate, named after the number of figures of the elephants, which decorate it. This gate is named after one of Sher Shah Suri's greatest general, Khawas Khan Marwat. Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. Rohtas Fort is is a historical fort in Jhelum built during the reign of Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri to crush the rebellious local tribes who revolted after Humayun, the Mughal Emperor was ousted by the former. It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan River meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. A dilapidated gate with a cupola can be seen there, which is the first of many gates provided for well-guarded entrances to the fort. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. [2] However, no evidence has been found at Rohtas to confirm this theory. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. The gates are in grey ashlar masonry. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. There is an inscription in Persian on the Shishi gate which gives the date of start of construction. The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. These carvings are found on the gate and in the mosque. Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. 3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. B. Indus. It is on the eastern side of the fort. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina. The wall is built in sandstone laid in lime mortar mixed with brick. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. To be ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the courtyard of this mosque to the top of Kabuli Gate. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda. Unable to succeed he wrote a letter to Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, requesting that the British protect the Mughal dynasty.[12]. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). Rohtas Garh, Rohtas District Rohtas is noble place in India. The upper portion has been cut in stone. Like the outer arch there is a small window in the middle of the inner arch. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. It places function over form. Outside the Langar Khani Gate is the tomb of a lady called Khair Un Nisa. There is a mausoleum of perhaps Habsh Khan, the daroga or the superintendent of works of Sher Shah. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. Criterion (iv): "Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and south Asia during the 16th century. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. [3] It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. [1] The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. He built a splendid palace for himself, renovated the rest of the fort, cleared up the ponds and made gardens in Persian style. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). [1] The enclosed section is site of much of the fort's most notable remains. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. A centre of tourism attraction, Rohtas Fort which is located about 16 km from Jhelum, Punjab.. Rohtas fort was built by Sher Shah Suri and is standing like a remarkable Islamic military architecture. 8 km from GT road ,Dina edit; Jhelum River Bridge. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. C. Soan. His shrine still stands to this day. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 16:17. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. Rohtas Fort is approximately 109 kilometers from Rawalpindi and can be reached from Dina, a busy stop on the Rawalpindi to Lahore road and easily accessible by bus from either place”. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. This gate is 15.25 meters high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha /kushwanshi dynasty. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. The inner gate is a simple archway which is 3.66 meters wide. 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