middle colonies demographics

[4], The Provincial Congress of New Jersey, made up of elected delegates, formed in January 1776 to govern the colony. [9] On July 2, 1776, New Jersey enacted the New Jersey State Constitution, soon after having empowered delegates to the Continental Congress, on June 21, to join in a declaration of independence. Demographics of the Middle Colonies. They were unusual, however, for their degree … Except for the Dutch in New York, the English population had managed to maintain or impose their institutions on all other competing cultures. Four of the 13 colonies were located in the area that is still known as New England. The Middle Colonies held a population of about 65,000, compared to New England's 120,000 and the Southern Colonies' 77,000. The Middle Colonies shared the fertile land of the Southern Colonies and many large fields of wheat could be found and they shared the industry of timber and fishing. So too did views on the Native Americans who shared their land. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. [2] James II later granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had been loyal to him through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. Richard Nicolls served as the first governor of New York. Philadelphia and New York became well-known trading centers, with Philadelphia in particular becoming an important shipbuilding center. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. Characteristics of Colonial Regions: Middle Colonies •Geography & Economy –Good Land to be Cleared, Three Major Rivers (Hudson, Delaware, Susquehanna), Good Harbors –“Breadbasket” of the Colonies, trade in foodstuffs, including the Triangle Trade •Demographics –1700: Twice as many people lived in New England than the Middle Colonies Demographics of the Middle Colonies. 1610 350 (all in Virginia) 1620 2,302 (Virginia and Plymouth Plantation) 1630 4,646 1640 26,634 Munsee inhabited the Highlands, Hudson Valley, and northern New Jersey, while Minquas, also known as the Susquehannocks, lived west of the Zuyd River along and beyond the Susquehanna River. The Middle Colonies also practiced trade like New England, but typically they were trading raw materials for manufactured items. [8] Finally, in 1738, King George II appointed a separate governor, Lewis Morris, to run New Jersey. One important event that happened in the Middle Colonies during the colonial period was the Zenger Trial in 1735. [12] In 1704, Dutch land given to Penn by the Duke of York separated and once again became part of the Delaware Colony. The population of the American Colonies, until the end of the 17th century, was almost entirely English. [14] When William Penn received his land grant of Pennsylvania in 1681, he received the Delaware area from the Duke of York, and dubbed them "The Three Lower Counties on the Delaware River". In 1732, the 13 colonies were complete. Most were from the West Indies (a little more than 75%) while as … They primarily pushed farther into the western frontier of the colonies, where they repeatedly confronted the Indians. With the new arrivals came various religions which were protected in the Middle Colonies by written freedom of religion laws. [20] Often areas of the Middle Colonies displayed prevalent Irish cultural influence. Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. For example, in New York, any foreigner professing Christianity was awarded citizenship, which made for a diverse (albeit largely Christian) populace. On March 18, 1674, after encountering difficulty collecting the taxes, Lord Berkeley sold his share in the colony to Edward Byllinge, a Quaker businessman from London. Britain and the Settling of the Colonies: 1600–1750, American Indian tribes that had long occupied the area later to be conquered as the Middle. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. The First Great Awakening invigorated religiosity and helped stimulate the growth of Congregational, Methodist and Baptist churches. While the Middle Colonies had far more industry than the Southern Colonies, it still did not rival the industry of New England. Landholdings were generally farms of 40 to 160 acres (16–65 hectares), owned by the family that worked it. Both the poor and the middle class immigrated as indentured servants. Royal governors were arrested or overthrown on more than one occasion, most notably when New Jersey arrested its governor and during Leisler's Rebellion in New York. 1610 350 (all in Virginia) 1620 2,302 (Virginia and Plymouth Plantation) Pennsylvanian revolutionary sentiment continued to grow, and Philadelphia, the largest city in America, soon became the meeting place of the Continental Congress. Must be taught to read and write and be trained in a trade. Than cash crops the arrest of a standardized middle colonies demographics sponsored church led Middle. Colonial boundaries take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat user contributions on this are! With the New England 1730, colonists skirmished in the area that still! 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